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Fire Sprinkler Failures In Buildings: Why They Happen & What To Do
Fire Sprinkler Failures In Buildings: Why They Happen & What To Do

The fire sprinkler system in your building is a critical safety measure and, when needed, it can save lives. Still, even the best systems can malfunction, and sprinklers do occasionally fail. When they do, they can drench the interior of your building, damaging everything from furniture and personal belongings to drywall and building materials. As a property manager, dealing with fire sprinkler failure can feel overwhelming. What do you do next? Where do you start? And why did the sprinkler system fail in the first place? In this post, we’ll discuss the common causes of accidental discharge, and what to do if it happens to you. Reasons for Fire Sprinkler Systems Failure Today, all building fire sprinkler systems must meet NFPA 13 standards. These National Fire Protection Association benchmarks define safety requirements for components and installation, and help ensure that sprinkler systems are well maintained and ready to perform. Still, fire sprinkler systems can fail. Here are a few of the most common culprits: Aging parts Building renovations (collisions with construction equipment, displacement or disturbance, etc.) Incorrectly placed heating systems that activate sprinklers Vulnerable pipes that freeze and cause sprinkler heads to burst Corrosion Fire sprinkler malfunctions can be incredibly problematic, causing extensive damage to your building Regardless of what causes the sprinklers to discharge accidentally, fire sprinkler malfunctions can be incredibly problematic, causing extensive damage to your building and requiring costly repairs from a water damage repair contractor. 5 Things to do if Your Sprinklers Fail There are no flames in your building, but your sprinklers are soaking everything in sight. You have to move quickly to avoid even more damage. Stay calm and follow these five steps: Get everyone out Even if there’s not an active fire in the building, water poses its own set of dangers. To avoid problematic slip and fall conditions, get everyone out of the area immediately. Move them to a safe location outside the building, preferably one you’ve agreed on in a previously established evacuation plan. Shut off electrical equipment Water and electricity are a deadly combination. To avoid electrical shocks, shut off all nearby electrical equipment and appliances, and then, turn off the building’s main power supply, as you exit the building. Turn off the water main Instead of wasting time shutting off broken sprinkler heads individually, go to the building’s main water supply immediately and shut it off at the valve. This will stop all water flow and prevent additional water damage. Take photos of the scene Once it’s safe to re-enter the building, document the scene. Use your smartphone to take photos of broken sprinkler heads or anything else you believe may have caused the accidental discharge. Additionally, take photos of the damage the sprinklers caused to floors, walls, personal belongings, and more. These photos can help response specialists understand the cause of the malfunction and may streamline your insurance claims process. Contact a restoration specialist Even if your water damage looks minimal, you’ll need to contact a skilled water damage restoration expert, like the Chicago-based maintenance and service company, ServiceMaster Restoration by Zaba.  Accidental sprinkler discharges soak drywall, destroy carpets and textiles, and lead to dangerous mold and mildew growth, which can happen just 24-48 hours after water exposure. Prevent worsening damage and the dangerous conditions by contacting a sprinkler repair specialist right away. Cleanup and water damage restoration services Using your documentation, your insurance company will work to determine the cause of the sprinkler failure Using your documentation, your insurance company will work to determine the cause of the sprinkler failure. This can be a lengthy process that takes weeks or even months. As that happens, your cleanup team will focus on providing water damage restoration services. Typically, fire sprinkler water damage involves ‘blackwater’- a dangerous mixture of sediments and other contaminants that leave behind an unpleasant smell and a film that can destroy belongings. To reclaim your space, the water damage restoration service will focus on extracting the remaining water, drying the space to prevent mold and mildew formation, and decontaminating all surfaces. This is a critical step that you can’t afford to rush. Work with the best water damage cleanup company you can find to ensure positive results. Protecting Your Sprinkler Systems in the Future While it’s impossible to completely avoid every accidental discharge, there are certain steps you can take to safeguard your sprinkler system. Proper maintenance, for example, allows you to avoid preventable issues that could lead to malfunction. You should also take care to keep all remodeling and construction work away from sprinkler heads and systems to avoid accidental damage. These are simple tips, but they can help keep your building and tenants safe and dry - both now and in the future.

Mobile Firefighting Systems Provide Flexible Fire Protection For Major Facilities
Mobile Firefighting Systems Provide Flexible Fire Protection For Major Facilities

Within traditional commercial and industrial firefighting systems, engineers have primarily focused on permanent installation designs rather than entertaining alternative or supplemental mobile firefighting systems. Permanent installation design is typically better understood, supported, and supplied throughout the fire protection engineering and manufacturing community. However, mobile firefighting systems provide unique solutions and advantages compared to their permanent installation cousins such as flexible deployment, simpler servicing, improved economy, and much higher performance availability. The combination of both systems is frequently the most strategic solution for the facility operator. Limitations of fixed installation systems Permanent installation (fixed) systems include everything from sprinklers, foam systems, primary watermain pumps, and the plethora of piping in between. A large refinery complex will need to address various hazard mitigation and control problems that span both hardware and personnel needs. In the event standard hazard mitigation safety procedures and equipment have failed, the facility immediately initiates a hazard control operation. Passive fixed systems automatically engage the hazard through an array of sensors, mechanical triggers, and control algorithms. A properly designed system with adequate hazard coverage, preplanning, preventative maintenance, and testing will successfully terminate the hazard, while firefighting personnel respond and ensure no further hazards develop. This conceptual approach relies on hardware and personnel all operating as planned…. Combining permanent and mobile apparatus “According to plan” would never have any failures or fires, but history has a different script. In the worst-case petrochemical scenario, fixed systems fail to extinguish a hazard putting the entire response on human and mobile hardware resources. This would include but is not limited to firetrucks, mobile high-flow pumping systems, large mobile monitors, foam proportioning units, and large diameter layflat hose. This type of response escalates into a larger scale operation, sometimes involving agencies beyond the facility operator itself. Although a low probability event, the risk to life and property is significantly substantial. Fixed systems may be rendered inoperable due to the loss of electrical power or actual physical damage Reducing fire-related expenditureMore typical than the worst-case scenario, facilities experience both maintenance-related system downtimes and natural phenomena damage such as extreme weather and seismic events. In this case, fixed systems may be rendered inoperable due to the loss of electrical power or actual physical damage. In any of these situations, mobile fire apparatus may fill the gap requirements of the facility as their flexible storage and deployment would protect them from everything but the worst natural disasters. Their further benefit is that a smaller set of mobile apparatus resources may be used to protect a larger amount of infrastructure, especially while in use in a mutual-aid program between facilities and communities. According to the NFPA’s report “Total Cost of Fire in the United States”, fire-related damages and expenditures from 1980 to 2014 have risen from roughly $200B (adjusted for inflation to 2014) to nearly $330B. The greatest expenditure is in fire safety costs in building construction, amounting to $57.4B. Although the overall losses per year as a ratio to protection expenditures has dropped by roughly 70% over the past 30 years, petrochemical facility losses have continued to rise over the same time. In the worst-case petrochemical scenario, fixed systems fail to extinguish a hazard  Petrochemical facility challenges According to the NFPA, refineries or natural gas plants had reported an average of 228 fires or explosions per year through the 1990s. Furthering this data with Marsh’s “100 Largest Losses, 25th edition”, refinery losses have continually expanded throughout the last two decades with 11 of the top 20 largest losses of the past 40 years happening during or after the year 2000. Two primary drivers of this trend are the advanced age of petrochemical facilities and their staggering complexity. As oil margins fall, upstream operational businesses are detrimentally affected by reduced investment in everything to new equipment, maintenance and passive safety systems. There is an observable correlation between a major oil price drop followed by upstream facility fire losses. Even with reduced investment and oil throughput growth rates, US refinery utilisation at the end 2017 was at 96.7%, the highest since 2005 (Marsh, The Impact of the Price of Oil). The short story is that systems and personnel are being asked to do more with less with each passing year. Cost-effective mobile apparatus systems  Mobile fire apparatus is generally more cost-effective to procure when using standardised designs and application methodology. They can access open water sources by either drafting (when in close proximity to the water) or using floating source pumps (for variable level or difficult access water sources). Mobile fire apparatus is generally more cost-effective to procure when using standardized designs and application methodology With this open water access, they can provide significantly more water (upwards of 10,000 GPM or more per system if necessary) than any typical fixed fire pumping solution. Moreover, as their primary benefit, they are easy to move and deploy. This benefit allows them to be utilised at the point of hazard as needed while being easily accessible for service. While fixed systems are installed at “every known” hazard and must be continually maintained to operate effectively, mobile systems may be used sitewide or across facilities. This flexibility reduces overall capital expenditure requirements and establishes a valuable primary and secondary firefighting system depending on the hazard and facility resources. Combining fixed and mobile systems Permanent installation fire suppression systems are a mainstay of modern day firefighting. They provide immediate passive response with little human intervention. However, as facility utilisation is pushed to maximum capacity while fixed systems continually age out without adequate replacement or maintenance, mobile systems will need to both fill the response gap and provide a final wall to total loss incidents. The reality is that both fixed and mobile systems need to work together to provide the safest possible operation. Service and training requirements need to also be maintained to manage an adequate, or even better, exemplary response to hazard control incidents. Managing major facility uptime requires continuous oversight and to drive hazard mitigation standards throughout the organisation, including executive management. A safe, reliable and fully-functional plant is also a profitable and cost-effective plant much like a healthy worker is a better worker. Protect your people and property and you will protecting your company’s future.

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The Emergency Services Show 2011 Will Enable Fire And Rescue Professionals To "do More With Less" Funds
The Emergency Services Show 2011 Will Enable Fire And Rescue Professionals To "do More With Less" Funds

The Emergency Services Show 2011 will take place on November 23-24 at Stoneleigh Park, Coventry Natural disasters, terrorist attacks and the impending 2012 Olympics are just some of the events that place a strain on fire and rescue services throughout the UK.  As fire and rescue funding continues to be slashed, pressure remains for these organisations to make significant savings but at the same time deliver a high quality service for the communities in which they work. To help this sector cope with this markedly different environment and overcome the challenges of the future, close working relationships with partners is vital.  Networking and collaboration with suppliers, colleagues and contemporaries is and will continue to be, an essential part of ensuring an emergency is dealt with as efficiently and effectively as possible; The Emergency Services Show and Conference 2011, facilitates the necessary communication by bringing together everyone involved in emergency situations.  With over 380 exhibitors and approximately 4,000 visitors attending the successful show last year, the Emergency Services Show and Conference 2011 is the key event for anyone involved in emergency planning, response or recovery, both in the UK and abroad. This year’s show and conference will be taking place on Wednesday 23rd and Thursday 24th November at Stoneleigh Park, Coventry. Operations managers, emergency planning officers, chief fire officers and watch managers are just some of the roles within the fire and rescue sector that will benefit from attending.  Visitors to the exhibition can discover the latest fire and rescue equipments and services from a range of leading companies. Among those organisations already confirmed to attend this year’s exhibition are: WH Bence, TEEX, BMW, Godiva, Bristol Uniforms, Cosalt, Angloco, Angus Fire and North Fire. The products and services on display include: fire and rescue equipment and services, personal protective equipment, communications and IT, first response equipment, station equipment, training and education, vehicles and vehicle equipment, medical equipment, business continuity and outsourcing.  Many exhibitors will also be carrying out a number of live demonstrations throughout the two days. At a time when budgets are being squeezed, this FREE to attend exhibition provides the perfect opportunity for visitors to research methods of ‘doing more with less’ funds. Visitors will be able to speak to exhibitors about how they may operate more effectively and efficiently, thereby resulting in the highly desirable outcome of “more for less”.  David Brown, Show Organiser, Emergency Services (MMC) Ltd, comments:  “In these uncertain times it is more important than ever for all emergency professionals and associated agencies to communicate with one another, this may allow resources to be shared and budgets to be maximised.  The Emergency Services Show offers the unique opportunity to meet with specialist equipment and service suppliers from the UK and abroad to facilitate mutually beneficial buying arrangements and discuss new important innovations and products.” David continues:  “As well as allowing exhibitors to showcase their latest products and services, the exhibition provides an ideal way for professionals to discuss co-operation, ideas and initiatives and learn from each other in preparation for major events taking place over the coming years or prepare for the unexpected. “Furthermore in light of the Government’s response to the independent review of the fire and rescue service in England, the reviews objective’s - bringing back a focus on local communities and local accountability, rather than a requirement for fire-fighters to reach targets set by central government – can be facilitated at the show by networking and sharing best practice with industry peers.” There will be approximately 100 end users exhibiting within the Emergency Response Zone.  This zone (essential for operational staff and emergency planning officers) is made up of Category 1 and 2 Responders, Professional, Government and Voluntary organisations, and hence offers perfect networking opportunities to affiliated organisations.  There is also a dedicated UK Search and Rescue (SAR) Zone. The show’s high profile conference is delivered in tandem with the exhibition and this year will facilitate professionals to discuss the latest industry news, developments and strategic advances, as well as hearing about lessons learnt and new initiatives affecting them. The programme is set to offer delegates an informative couple of days both for personal development and their organisations.

Godiva CAFS Technology Impresses At Humberside Fire Trial
Godiva CAFS Technology Impresses At Humberside Fire Trial

HFRS firefighters utilising Godiva equipment in a CAFS fire trial New trial application impresses firefighters Humberside Fire and Rescue Service recently organised three full scale domestic fire scenes to test the effect of Godiva Compressed Air Foam Systems (CAFS) on fire investigation procedures, and especially the detection of different types of accelerant. Three full scale scenes were set in derelict housing to realistically simulate typical domestic fire scenarios and a CAFS-trained fire crew attacked the resulting fires. From the start Humberside personnel were greatly impressed by the speed of the fire knockdown, Group Manager Stuart Spence commented: "Two of the scenes went to fully developed fires; all those who were present were extremely impressed in the effectiveness of CAFS with its speed of knock down." CAFS also proved it should not interfere with fire investigation procedures: "CAFS appears not to affect Fire Investigation activities as canine detectors were able to identify the accelerant in all 3 scenes (white spirit, petrol & commercial thinners), scene of crime officers were able to recover debris (awaiting laboratory analysis) and D.I.M portable accelerant units showed detection (to be analysed)." Watch Manager Dave Lazenby (HFRS Training) stated that he was "very impressed by CAFS in 3 very real situations. The first fire started with white spirit was quite small and didn't develop too much so was simple to extinguish. The second involved petrol, the flames were coming out of the bedroom and licking onto the landing - 4 short bursts and we were then in damping down mode! The fire had reached the roof space slightly, we found the short probe to be very effective for damping down here. We were piercing the plasterboard ceiling with ease." "The third fire was a living room, this was allowed to burn for quite a while so we had another good job to deal with. Again CAFS knocked it down in no time, and we were just damping down. Including the initial proving of foam outside we used 204 litres of water for this third job (the largest)." This is CAFS proving its value - a highly creditable endorsement from a fire professional. There are several unique aspects of compressed air foam that make it a winner for the fire fighter: The solution has less surface tension than water or foam/water, allowing it to smother the fire quicker The mixture makes for far lighter hoses - a great advantage for fire fighters, making for more efficient operation The mixture has better projection capabilities allowing fire fighters to keep a safe distance from the fire source Improved water efficiency means less property damage and water run-off Compressed air foam systems are a speciality of Godiva, who have been perfecting the technology for a number of years and are now recognised as a world leader for this advanced form of fire fighting. This is confirmed by an increasing number of UK fire services taking a CAFS unit on board their main appliances - up to 25% of UK brigades now use Godiva CAFS.

Godiva To Exhibit At Fire & Rescue 2009
Godiva To Exhibit At Fire & Rescue 2009

Godiva will focus on its Prima product range at Fire & Rescue 2009 Leading UK manufacturer to display new products at event The 2009 UK Fire and Rescue show will be held at the NEC, Birmingham, and once again Godiva will be displaying their latest fire fighting products (stand T35). This year the company will focus on the Godiva Prima vehicle mounted pump, a pump that is already in service with several UK fire brigades. The Prima is the result of continuous technical developments and consultation with frontline fire fighters. Various configurations of the Prima pump will be on display including the Prima SmartCAFS. The Godiva sales team will be on hand to discuss your fire pump requirements. For further information, please click here.

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