Passive Fire Protection (PFP)
Gunning London, the Chartered Building Company that specializes in internal and external refurbishments, has launched a new division, Gunning Fire, to meet the increasing need for professionally installed fire door and fire stopping solutions. Gunning Fire division Having achieved independent UKAS accredited certification from Bluesky in April 2021, the division will offer fire door installation, fire door maintenance, fire stopping (compartmentalization), and cladding refurbishment, delivered...
Drones give Incident Commanders an aerial view, increasing their situational awareness of fires and helping them to develop tactics to tackle them. Station Officer Lee Newman details how the technology was implemented by London Fire Brigade and the continued benefits. Identify external risks The Grenfell Tower fire has resulted in revisions to several operational procedures and the introduction of new equipment within the Brigade. A few months after the fire, the Brigade was tasked with sett...
Last month, a fire raged across land in Swansea, in southern Wales, spreading 6 hectares (about 15 acres) and injuring a firefighter. Weeks earlier, flames raged across 20 hectares (almost 50 acres) in nearby Fairwood Common, Gower, in a fire that may have been deliberately set, and another 30 hectares (74 acres) of grassland and forest burned in Maesteg, Bridgend. Almost 4,000 miles away in northwest Minnesota, crews battled a grass fire that briefly closed a highway in the area. Low hum...
A new guide that outlines the key updates relating to cable pathways has been launched by Legrand UK & Ireland, following updates to a number of key industry regulations. The guide – Creating Cable Pathways – follows recent updates to the IET wiring regulations, as well as the release of the Dame Judith Hackitt independent review of building regulations and fire safety final report. Current standards landscape It has been launched to provide electrical installers with assistan...
Following a decision of its Board, Euralarm has welcomed its new member Innohome. The company will join the fire section of Euralarm. Innohome will now benefit from Euralarm’s services in terms of representation towards European institutions and standardization organizations. This includes the monitoring of legislative and standardization issues relevant to the industry. Innohome will have access to the extended network of national associations and major companies in the electronic fire s...
Rescu (Rescu Saves Lives), an emergency alert app that connects people directly to certified emergency dispatchers, has launched throughout the United States, in partnership with over 30,000 local emergency agencies. Rescu is the first and only Personal Emergency Response System (PERS) in a non-hardware platform. Rescu emergency alert app Unlike 9-1-1, the Rescu app does not require speaking to a dispatcher. With Rescu, users can communicate non-verbally to an emergency dispatcher. This means...
Vimpex’s new ClamBell® is an innovative, UK manufactured, fire alarm bell with a unique hinged design that swings shut after installation, which means it’s quick to install, aesthetically pleasing, and reassuringly reliable - setting it apart from other fire alarm bells on the market. ClamBell® is the first newly developed and approved bell to be launched globally in decades and the only fire alarm bell that’s made in Europe. It has been carefully designed to combine core elements of popular existing designs with innovative new features to ensure consistent, reliable, and predictable performance. Complicated installation process The ClamBell®’s permanently fitted gong and unique hinged design does away with the long, complicated installation process of other bells. With no central bolt, the ClamBell® can be fitted in a matter of minutes. All installers need to do is fit the ClamBell® to the wall, wire it to the circuit and then click it shut. It really is that easy. Three mounting options and a choice of European, Asian, and US-style backplates make the installation process even easier. The company has been involved in selling fire alarm bells for more than 40 years" Vimpex MD James Jones says “The company has been involved in selling fire alarm bells for more than 40 years. To be producing our own innovative take on this traditional product is a major achievement for our business. And it’s not just the product itself; a significant amount of thought has been put into the production system to allow us to manufacture at high volumes whilst allowing for future growth in capacity to meet an expanding demand.” True weatherproof performance The ClamBell® is designed and manufactured in Britain by Vimpex, Europe’s independent manufacturer and distributor of fire alarm system components. The company insists on a manufacturing process that produces the best quality fire alarm bell possible, one that looks great cosmetically and sounds pitch-perfect - made possible by the skill and dedication of their UK-based partner foundry. ClamBell® is a truly global product. Thanks to careful design and manufacturing, a single model has simultaneously been approved to EN54 Part 3 by LPCB and is pending UL 464 for the U.S. market. The ClamBell® has also been independently IP tested to IP56 by Intertek, meaning true weatherproof performance.
Airborne International Response Team (AIRT), the 501(c)3 organization supporting Drones For Good™ for emergencies and disaster response has been awarded a federal grant from the U.S. Department of Commerce to support drone operations within federal, state, and local public safety agencies and emergency services organizations. The grant funding will be used by AIRT’s DRONERESPONDERS program to help implement standard test methods for sUAS developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as a way to objectively evaluate aircraft capabilities, focus training with measures of remote pilot proficiency, and support pilot credentialing. Enabling objective measurement According to Adam Jacoff, the project leader of NIST’s Emergency Response Robotics Project, “The first step toward evaluating aircraft capabilities and credentialing remote pilot skills is to get everybody onto the same measuring stick. That’s where standard test methods can play a key role. Especially across public safety, industrial, commercial, and even recreational pilots. All need to demonstrate essential maneuvers to maintain positive aircraft control while performing whatever payload functionality is necessary to successfully perform the intended tasks.” All need to demonstrate essential maneuvers to maintain positive aircraft control" “Our collaborative research and development effort with DRONERESPONDERS will validate the tests with public safety drone operators across the nation," said Jacoff. "It should also facilitate mutual aid between responder organizations deployed to large-scale disasters by enabling objective measurement and comparison of particular aircraft capabilities with the associated remote pilot proficiency. The results will help guide deployment decisions and align expectations while improving overall safety within the national airspace system.” Evaluating basic skills NIST’s has developed a variety of sUAS tests that can be constructed from supplies found at most ‘big box’ home improvement stores and assembled on-site as needed. DRONERESPONDERS will help ensure that interested organizations are able to fabricate the test apparatuses and correctly conduct test trials so the resulting performance scores can be used by any organization to select minimum thresholds of proficiency-based on their chosen aircraft, airspace and mission complexities, and the environmental conditions in which they intend to deploy. The Standard Test Methods for sUAS developed by NIST are the most applicable" "The Standard Test Methods for sUAS developed by NIST are the most applicable and easy to use mechanism we have seen for evaluating basic skill levels of public safety remote pilots in concert with the capabilities of their UAS systems,” said Chief Charles Werner (ret.), Director of DRONERESPONDERS. “Our focus now will be on helping public safety agencies across the nation both understand and adopt the NIST tests.” Emergency services organizations DRONERESPONDERS has selected Katie Thielmeyer, UAS Program Manager and firefighter/paramedic with the Woodlawn (Ohio) Fire Department, to spearhead this initiative. Thielmeyer will serve as the DRONERESPONDERS Program Manager where she will oversee the integration of these tests nationwide and support various related outreach efforts across the responder community for AIRT. “I am excited to expand my role with DRONERSPONDERS and work closely with the NIST team to make a positive impact within the public safety UAS sector,” said Thielmeyer. “This new partnership will provide benefits to public safety agencies and emergency services organizations at every level who operate Drones For Good™.”
Fire and security specialist Amthal, is continuing on its ambitious growth plan to service more commercial customers, with dedicated appointments to the supply chain team alongside active recruitment for two sales account managers. Peter Lee has been appointed in ‘Purchasing Supply Chain’ to strengthen the commercial division of the business, enabling a more efficient approach to servicing new and existing customer requirements for fire safety and security. Constantly evolving regulations Amthal is recruiting for two Sales Account Managers, alongside a number of Engineer roles in commissioning, maintenance and installation. Amthal also has an active Apprentice program, to encourage job-specific skills and create a more open business environment. Commenting on the team’s aspirational growth plans, Jamie Allam, CEO Amthal said: “The last year has been undoubtedly challenging as we have steered our way through the pandemic, committed to our role as key workers. Through it all, we have ensured the ongoing safety of our customers, new and existing, supporting the need to evolve quickly and efficiently to the constantly evolving regulations on commercial premises.” Proactively preparing customers Amthal is now proactively preparing customers for the imminent arrival of the Fire Safety Bill “We have only been able to do this with the commitment of our team, who have embraced our vision, mission and values to ‘protect what’s precious.’ In recognition of such dedication, we have seen clear growth across our business. We are now delighted to welcome Pete to the family and continue our recruitment process for account managers and engineers to continue to present a full-service fire and security solutions company.” Amthal is now proactively preparing customers for the imminent arrival of the Fire Safety Bill. Currently in its final stages prior to Royal ascent, it is described with the Building Safety Bill as ‘the biggest change in building safety for a generation,’ and places increased responsibilities on responsible persons, managing agents and block management companies. Fire protection market Jamie adds: “We have seen steady growth in the opportunities with smart and mobile first security, especially the move to integration and enabling entry to the IoT world. But our recruitment process also recognizes the significant growth opportunities in the fire protection market, where we need to ensure our entire team is ready to meet new demands placed on our customers.” “With the Fire Safety Bill coming into legislation and the demands of the stringent new fire safety regulations, technical advances and product innovations, we have a duty of care to stay abreast of latest solutions, when it comes to design, installation, maintenance and monitoring services.”
E811B was clearing a box alarm in Co. 7’s area, when alerted for another reported structure fire in the 3100 block of Madison Pl. in Co. 1’s area. E811B was dispatched and arrived as 4th due engine. Upon arrival, crews found fire in the carport extending into the residence.E811B crew made up RIT on side alpha, while the driver supplied the 3rd due engine with water. The crew assisted with overhaul and checking for extension, and operated for approximately 2 hours prior to returning to service.
Results from a survey conducted by a manufacturer of fire safety technology, Geofire, found that 53% of fire safety professionals have seen an increase in fire doors being wedged open since the start of the pandemic. The survey, which was completed to gain an insight into how COVID-19 has impacted the fire safety industry over the last 12 months, highlighted key themes such as the impact of financial pressure following the pandemic. Fire safety maintenance 84% of the respondents identified that financial pressure has made businesses less likely to carry out fire safety maintenance and improvements. One Health and Safety Advisor said: "Fire will not stop for COVID-19, employers still have an obligation to keep people and premises fire safe.” Employers still have an obligation to keep people and premises fire safe" Over the last 12 months, the COVID-19 pandemic has dominated the world with the necessary, but disruptive nature of lock-downs and restrictions impacting day-to-day business across the UK. Despite the turbulent year, the risk fire poses to life and property remains unchanged. Geofire warns that businesses must continue to ensure that their fire safety is not only compliant but adapted to facilitate the added challenge of the ongoing pandemic. Fire safety compliance The report highlights that fire safety professionals believe there is a lack of awareness in businesses around the importance of fire safety, with 37% stating that infection control measures have had a negative impact. Andy Collinson, CEO at Geofire, said: “As the manufacturer of fire safety products, including fire door holders and closers, we wanted to conduct this survey to learn from others in the industry and raise awareness of the importance of ensuring fire safety compliance. This is even more important as restrictions ease and businesses and buildings across the UK begin to reopen, some for the first time in over a year.” The survey was based on responses from a range of people working within the industry, such as; Fire Risk Assessors, Fire Door Auditors, H&S Advisors and Fire Safety Consultants.
Euralarm, the globally renowned fire and security solutions organization, has announced support for a resolution of the European Parliament that asks for quick solutions from the European Commission to improve the standardization of construction products, while also pushing for a transition to a sustainable and more circular economy. Resolution on standardization MEPs (Members of the European Parliament) have recently called in the resolution, adopted with 686 votes in favor (4 votes against and 5 abstentions), on the European Commission to find a quick and viable way, in order to improve and speed up the standardization process for construction products. Of the 444 existing harmonized standards for construction products, only 12 new ones have been issued, since the Construction Products Regulation was adopted in 2011, hindering the free movement of products in the European Union. Construction Products Regulation With 686 votes in favor of the resolution, the European Parliament has taken a clear position on the upcoming revision of the regulation by the European Commission. “The Construction Products Regulation must be made fit for the future with a view to digitalization and sustainability,” said rapporteur Christian Doleschal. Prior to the decision-making process for the European Parliament, the chair of the Euralarm Fire Section presented a paper on the ‘Impact of the Construction Products Regulation on Standardization’ in the active fire safety industry. The presentation was held during an Informal meeting of the Working Party Technical Harmonization (Construction Products) of the German EU Council Presidency - Construction Products Regulation.
There is a sense in some markets that the paper and pulp industry will decline owing to the digital technologies with which people interact every day. While this might be considered logical, the reality is completely different. In fact, the paper and pulp industry has experienced a steady growth and will continue to do so in 2021. Production of paper increased by more than 450% in the last decades and the demand of paperboard in the world is expected to grow significantly, driven by e-commerce and big retailers increasing their presence in the online sales universe. This sustained growth in production capacity and paper consumption presents several fire risks to companies and exposes communities that develop around paper mills, to the impact of disasters caused by these fire risks. Fire risks in the paper and pulp industry Paper and cardboard are combustible, but this is not the only fire risk found in these types of industries. Raw materials and finished goods storage are sensitive to fire. In addition, the paper making process includes several stages where fires can occur, due to hot surfaces or poor ventilation. The most relevant fire risks on a paper plant are: Storage Areas: As mentioned before, paper and cardboard are combustible. Solid paper blocks and reels have hard surfaces that don’t ignite easily, but usually these reels can suffer minor damages or have loose sheets that significantly increase the fire risk. When paper reels are stacked in columns, gaps in the center can act as chimneys and when fires start in the bottom of the stack, this chimney effect will accelerate smoke and hot air spread, increasing vertical and horizontal flame spread. Wood and Bale storage fire risks Bale storage also presents a high fire risk, as loose materials are always present Raw materials for the paper making process can have two main sources, forestry products (mainly wood) or recycled cardboard and paper. Wood storage presents several challenges, especially due to wood chips that are highly combustible and, in some cases, even explosive. Bale storage also presents a high fire risk, as loose materials are always present. Fire in baled paper is difficult to extinguish and generates heavy smoke. In many recycling facilities, these paper bales are stored outdoors, where paper or rags soaked in flammable liquids, embedded between the paper sheets, can ignite resulting in a fast spreading fire. Chemicals, flammable liquids and gases In addition, it is possible to find different types of chemicals, flammable liquids and gases that are used in the paper making process. These materials have their own fire-related risks that need to be taken in consideration. Production Areas: In pulp factories, there are several long-distance conveyors that transport wood and wood chips. These conveyors constitute a fire risk and the most probable causes of fire are bearing damage, overheating of the conveyor and igniting chips in the environment. IR dryers, a common source of fire After the wood has been transported, chipped and digested, the paper making process becomes extremely humid, due to the large amounts of hot water and steam needed. But, as soon as the pulp fiber sheet starts to dry, the hot surfaces in contact with the paper sheets can be a source of ignition. IR dryers used in the process are also a common source of fire in the paper industry. When the sheet of paper is formed, close contact with reels and bearings moving fast can create static electricity that could ignite loose paper or airborne particles. Problems like these are likely to be more extensive in tissue mills. Paper dust is generated in certain parts of the process, especially where paper shits are slit or cut. Poorly insulated steam pipes lead to fire Poorly insulated steam pipes can ignite paper dust or even their own insulation materials. In addition, paper dust gathers in the ventilation grills of machinery, causing overheating and igniting as well. Heated oil is used in several parts of the process as well and if a malfunction occurs on the Hot Oil Roll systems, leaks might occur, exposing hot surfaces to this oil and causing ignitions. A paper mill has hydraulically operated machinery, where leaks or sprays might ignite as well. Service Areas: As in many other manufacturing facilities, several service areas can be found. Electrical and network equipment rooms have an inherent fire risk due to damaged wires or equipment, overheating or short circuits in high voltage circuits. Transformer and generator areas entail fire risks as well. High fire risk for boiler rooms Flammable gas distribution systems can be ignition sources, in case of leaks or damaged pipes or valves Hot water and steam are key components for the paper making process. For this reason, paper plants use high capacity boilers that can be powered by flammable liquids or gases. A high fire risk can be considered for boiler rooms. Flammable gas distribution systems can be ignition sources, in case of leaks or damaged pipes or valves. In addition to the fire risks mentioned in these areas, many maintenance operations can also pose fire risk, especially when hot works are being performed. Sparks caused by welding or the use of certain tools can ignite paper sheets or dust in the air. Poor housekeeping and buildup of paper dust, for example, increases the risk associated with maintenance and construction works. Prevention, the first line of defense According to the Health and Safety Executive from the United Kingdom, 60% of fires on paper mills are caused by machine faults and poor housekeeping. The first line of defense to avoid fire risks in paper plants is prevention. As mentioned before, a high number of fires in these types of facilities occur because of poor housekeeping and machine malfunction. The key is to identify the risks and possible ignition sources, and apply measures to minimize them. As in many industries, fire protection has two main components: Passive and Active protection. Passive fire protection measures Passive measures include fire rated walls, ceilings, and floors in the most critical areas. Chemical storage areas should be physically separated from other dangerous areas, if this is not possible then the walls separating areas should be fire rated and materials must be stored in a way that minimizes the risk of fire spread by radiation or conduction. Proper compartmentalization and intumescent protection of structural elements should be part of the package as well. Passive measures include proper ventilation and smoke control. As mentioned before, paper dust is a major fire risk, which is why ventilation and cleaning of hoods over the paper machine is important to minimize the possibility of ignition. Fire resisting construction should be designed with the following goals in mind: Protection of escape routes Form compartments to contain fires that might occur Separate areas of higher fire risk Protect load bearing and structural members to minimize risk of collapse Sprinkler systems, gas extinguishing systems and hose reels Active fire protection includes sprinkler systems, gas extinguishing systems and hose reels to support fire brigades Active fire protection includes sprinkler systems, gas extinguishing systems and hose reels to support fire brigades. Finished goods stored indoors should be protected with sprinkler systems and the same should be considered for chemical storage areas and certain raw materials. Paper bales, ideally should be protected by sprinklers that are suitably designed to cope with the height and located, in all cases, 3 meters above the level of bales stacked vertically (which should not exceed 5 meters height). Spark detectors in hoods, pipes and ventilation systems Dangerous sparks could be generated in several parts of the paper making process, which is why spark detectors must be installed in hoods, pipes, and ventilation systems. Water spray and CO2 systems can be used to protect machinery against these risks. Means to fight fires, like extinguishers and hose reels, should be provided to support fire brigades. All the elements should be properly identified and all personnel should be trained and made aware of the location of such devices. Importance of fire alarms Fire alarms are required in all paper mills and fire alarm call points should be provided in all locations, according to international guidelines, such as NFPA 72 or EN54. The spread of flames and smoke in paper, wood and chemical storage might become extremely fast. For this reason, early detection is critical. Many technologies might be applied in the different areas of a paper plant. Nevertheless, there are dusty or humid areas where regular heat or smoke detectors might fail under certain circumstances. For these areas, especially located outdoors, innovative state-of-the-art detection solutions might be applied, like Video Fire Detection (VFD). NFPA 72 standard for flame and smoke detection NFPA 72 provides guidelines to implement this technology for flame and smoke detection NFPA 72 provides guidelines to implement this technology for flame and smoke detection, opening interesting alternatives for designers and fire protection engineers. Many EHS managers and fire protection professionals selected VFD, because it is the only fire detection solution that effectively covered their needs. Many engineers, specialized in fire protection for paper plants, explained that they tested linear heat detection, aspiration smoke detection, IR/UV detectors and even beams, but none of these technologies performed as they needed on the dirtiest or more humid areas. Video Fire Detection (VFD) solutions Outdoor storage areas are often unprotected, because deploying flame or heat detection in large open areas can be costly and mostly ineffective. VFD solutions can detect smoke and flames in outdoor conditions, allowing the monitoring and protection of wood and paper bales in large areas. Fire detection and alarm systems should be designed with the following goals: Minimize risk of fires, including the use of fire detection technology in areas where regular detection technologies cannot be implemented or are not practical. Minimize risk of flame and smoke spread, with state-of-the-art detection algorithms that guarantee fast and effective detection. Also, reliable algorithms minimize the possibility of nuance or unwanted alarms. In case of a fire, fast detection gives occupants life-saving time to reach to a place of safety, before the flames and smoke have spread to dangerous levels. Global production of paper and pulp reached 490 million tons in 2020, with many industries and markets depended on the paper and pulp supply chain. That is why innovative ways to protect this supply chain, are key to sustain the paper market growth in the future.
Mathew Baxter is the Founder and CEO of the echelon group with responsibility for the management of echelon Consultancy, Pretium Frameworks and echelon Improvement Partnerships. Mathew has spent most of his working life in the construction sector. The devastating Grenfell Tower fire has prompted what the government has referred to as ‘the biggest change in building safety for a generation’. So what do the Building Safety and the Fire Safety Bills mean in terms of emergent legislation and is the housing industry prepared for substantive change on this scale? Fire Safety Bill Let’s start with the new Fire Safety Bill, which has been designed to give clear definitive guidance principally around areas of responsibility for fire safety. One way of looking at the new Fire Safety Bill is as a piece of legislation designed to beef up the existing legislation, focused specifically around the envelope of the building. The Fire Safety Bill makes it clear that the person designated as responsible has undertaken a fire safety survey around exterior walls (including cladding, balconies and windows) and individual flat walls entrance doors, where they open onto common parts to make sure they are compliant and if not, then to take any necessary remedial action and precautions to make that building safe. We suspect that demand for fire experts may rapidly outstrip supply. Building Safety Bill The Building Safety Bill proposes a significant amount of consultation is going to be required with residents The Building Safety Bill proposes a significant amount of consultation is going to be required with residents. Every ‘higher risk’ property has to have a strategy around the program of change that it will need. Resident consultation exercises will result in organic documents that will live as long as that building is occupied. Ideally all stakeholders (for example repairs contractors) coming in and out of properties should be encouraged and trained to take a holistic view of that property, and to be prepared to raise an alert, if they see something that is not right, for example, a fire door that has been propped open. Checking and replacing old appliances Many fires are caused by residents’ own appliances. Some local authorities are checking tenants’ appliances and if they seem unsafe, either removing or disconnecting them and in some cases, they are also providing free replacements. Housing associations and landlords will need to demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of their property and stock. For example, if you have a cladded building, you need to know exactly what the specification of that cladding is. Not all cladding is equal and risk profiles vary. Intrusive surveys may be required to ascertain the exact construction and product used. There is still a clear issue that many building owners/managers are unsure of what their building is clad in and how the cladding is fixed for the building. Effectively, this is something landlords need to get a comprehensive understanding of immediately, for fear of very rapid enforcement action from the Local Authority. Adherence to fire safety regulation compliance Local Authorities are entirely within their rights to approach housing associations and ask for copies of the fire safety regulation compliance of these buildings and if it has not been done then they can take action and that can include decanting the whole building and ordering remedial works As previously mentioned, two new roles are also specified within the Building Safety Bill, that of the Accountable Person within an organization for fire safety and the Building Safety Manager. It is anticipated that the role of the Accountable Person role will need to be fulfilled by a senior member of staff within the client organization and the Building Safety Manager will have a high level of responsibility and accountability for maintaining the safety of the building. Competency frameworks and resident engagement strategies The Building Safety Bill may have a grace period, before it comes into force on existing buildings The Building Safety Bill may have a grace period, before it comes into force on existing buildings and elements that are likely to be included are already being discussed, for example competency frameworks, resident engagement strategies and two separate roles, namely Building Safety Managers and Accountable Person. One of the most significant changes that the Building Safety Bill will create is a new definition of buildings as ‘higher risk’ buildings. This category will obviously include high rise, but also student accommodation and supported living accommodation. High risk buildings Any building over 18 meters, or more than six floors high is immediately defined as high risk. The Bill also makes it clear that the new Building Safety Regulator (created under the Bill) can also add other buildings to the category at their discretion. The Bill places a lot more responsibility on landlords and owners of those buildings. In fact, the Accountable Person has legal responsibility for those buildings, as long as they are occupied. Assessment of fire safety risks Responsibilities include the assessment of fire safety risks, co-operation with any remedial action in terms of fire safety, the registration of high-rise buildings, building safety information and the appointment of the building safety manager. The Accountable Person has a duty to report the name and details of the Building Safety Manager to the Building Safety Regulator. This individual’s contact details have to be available to everyone in the building, a safety case report has to be undertaken and managed along with a risk assessment and an ongoing strategy for the safety of the building and information provided to the new regulator. If the Building Safety Manager is found to be non-compliant then she/he risks a prison sentence. Many of the clients are appointing Building Safety Managers directly with a salary between £60,000 – £70,000. The guidance is that they should not look after more than five buildings each, as the responsibility carries too much weight for more and as such, this represents a significant resource for many landlords with a large portfolio of ‘higher risk’ buildings. Undefined transition period for Act rollout The new Building Safety Regulator will become the Building Control Authority for higher risk building There is expected to be an as yet undefined transition period before the Act applies to existing buildings. As well as the changes that will be necessary to existing buildings, it is essential that consideration is given to the design and thought process behind new developments and new builds. There is a whole new regime for the design and construction phase. The new Building Safety Regulator will become the Building Control Authority for higher risk buildings. Developers are no longer able to choose their building control authority at will. This imposes strict competency requirements on all duty holders working on higher risk buildings, including the client, the principal designer and principal contractor. Impact of the two safety bills The impact on these two Bills will have an enormous impact on leaseholders and indeed everyone involved in construction and building maintenance. The administrative burden and personal responsibility on those accountable will be equally enormous but, in our view, in the light of Grenfell, absolutely necessary. Our advice to all our clients is to start planning ahead and to develop a strategy of how they will deliver all the aspects of the Building Safety Bill once it becomes legislation.
The Grenfell tragedy has shocked the public and rocked the construction industry. The ongoing inquiry into the 2017 tower block fire has exposed huge flaws in existing practices across architecture, material specification, and building projects. It is also reinforcing the critical importance of fire protection. It took Grenfell, and admittedly the many years that have followed, for the industry to fully reappraise the product selection and testing regimes needed to ensure resident safety in buildings. Now, the tide is really starting to turn. Fire protection training Research we conducted across the UK, Germany, and France, in the aftermath of the disaster, revealed that knowledge levels surrounding fire and fire protection amongst some of our most trained professionals in architecture was very low. Across the three countries, only 3% of architects were able to correctly define the four basic fire protection terms: active fire protection, passive fire protection, fire resistance, and reaction to fire. Of the architects surveyed in the UK, 8% were able to define the four terms, in France, it was only 6%, and in Germany none. Hardly any of the architects interviewed, a mere 2%, said they’d had comprehensive fire protection training, most had some training, and less than one in ten (8%) say they’ve never had fire protection training. Fire-Protected buildings It was clear, post-Grenfell, that things needed to change, ensuring fire awareness is a top priority Our research confirmed that architects and specifiers had limited knowledge of fire protection and a lack of training in the area of designing safe, fire-protected buildings. It was clear, post-Grenfell, that things needed to change, ensuring fire awareness is a top priority, no matter how much time pressure industry professionals are under. And now they have. I believe that when COVID hit in spring 2020, a window of opportunity opened for fire protection awareness. Working together seamlessly Overnight, the majority of us were confined to our homes and adapting to working remotely where possible. For some businesses - such as ours here at Zeroignition - it had very little impact. Zeroignition is a global company and we have always operated remotely, enabling us to hire the best possible experts from around the world all working together seamlessly, remotely, and across 10 time zones. For other businesses, particularly architects, specifiers, and building consultants within the construction industry, this shift, which remains the same almost a year on, provided a very different way of working. A way that has now been proven to really work. Benefits of homeworking Online webinars have covered a variety of different topics including fire safety The benefits of homeworking are plentiful. One of the major benefits is time, a luxury many of us just didn’t have pre-pandemic. Now there’s no commute to work, to meetings, and to events. As exhibitions and conferences could not take place last year, many moved online, giving industry professionals the chance to engage and learn from the comfort of their own home, often at a time to suit their personal schedule. Since the outbreak of the pandemic last March, it has been reported that a whopping 49.2% of the British workforce were intent on investing time to actively further their learning. The NBS, (formerly National Building Specification) says it has seen a dramatic increase in webinar attendance. Eager participants include product manufacturers and also architects and specifiers. Online webinars have covered a variety of different topics including fire safety. Fire protection standards At Zeroignition we know that education is non-negotiable when ensuring buildings are built safely. Government regulations are being tightened to save lives, and as an industry, those of us in the business of design and construction must also continue to challenge ourselves to know more in order to meet incredibly high fire protection standards. Increased knowledge, coupled with a systematic approach - where products are seen together as a system, rather than individual components - would turn our methodology on its head for the better. Traceability is also a key component to add to the mix. One of the biggest failings unveiled by the Grenfell inquiry was the lack of traceability of products used for the building refurbishment. Investing in research and Development The introduction of a new regulator will help to ensure materials used when constructing buildings are safe This just wouldn’t happen in other industries such as aviation, or automotive, where every component of the structure is known and recorded. The introduction of a new regulator will help to ensure materials used when constructing buildings are safe, fit for purpose, and 100% traceable. Companies must be ready to stand up, take responsibility, educate themselves and invest in R&D to enable them to do things properly. The companies we’ve spoken to are willing to be more transparent, and share a product’s journey from testing, through to manufacture, installation, and maintenance, which is so important and really promising to see. Filling knowledge gaps From the very beginning, we’ve been challenging the industry to improve. To learn more. To try harder. To think differently. I can attest from our conversations with manufacturers that safety elements including fire safety have risen to the very top of the agenda. Never before have I seen companies so invested in R&D to enable them to build smarter, better, and safer – and consign appalling events like Grenfell to the history books. The pandemic has given the opportunity to invest time in filling knowledge gaps. So let’s continue to invest time in education and personal development to do better. Because it really matters. Change is imminent and safety is at the forefront.
The extremely cold winter this year is a reminder of the need for firefighters to be prepared and trained to fight fires in extreme conditions. Extreme environments tend to elevate the hazards of firefighting, which already include trauma, thermal injury, and smoke inhalation. The additional hazards range from minor inconveniences to extreme danger. One element that increases risk during the depths of winter is the increased incidence of fires caused by the additional use of (possibly hazardous) temporary heating equipment, such as space heaters. In this year’s deadly Texas cold wave, wintry conditions knocked out power to around 4.5 million homes at one point. Power outages, combined with freezing conditions, sent Texans scrambling for home heating alternatives, such as generators and fireplaces, which can present their own fire hazards. Interactive training opportunities With cold weather also come additional challenges for firefighters trying to get to the site of a fire, possibly including downed power lines and other infrastructure challenges. Hydrants may be frozen. Training is a key element in preparing to fight fires in extreme conditions, providing opportunities for hands-on experience and to meet with industry peers to share useful information. The low student-to-instructor ratio for courses allows for repetitive skills applications and solid engagement For example, the Illinois Fire Service Institute (IFSI) Winter Fire School, held in January, provides first-class, interactive training opportunities for all skill levels. Participants can choose from hands-on and/or classroom training programs that meet individual professional needs. The low student-to-instructor ratio for courses allows for repetitive skills applications and solid engagement with a dynamic and knowledgeable instructor team. Creating slippery hazards When it comes to keeping firefighters safe in extreme environments, here are some elements to consider: Beware of the hazards to firefighters of rapid cycling from working in the extremes of hot and cold. Be aware that the need for extra insulation in clothing layers can impair mobility. Look out for frozen water on hard surfaces that creates slippery hazards. Icing on ladder rungs, especially, can become slick and dangerous, as can the surfaces used to stabilize ladder positioning. Remain vigilant lest breathing apparatus becomes obstructed by freezing moisture. Adjust duration of work to offset the additional stresses. Firefighters will need to reduce their working time during inclement weather, which impacts scheduling. Be aware that body temperatures and condition are a concern when working in extreme heat or cold, including hyperthermia, hypothermia, frostbite, dehydration, etc. Impacting extreme temperatures Ensuring that infrastructure and equipment is made ready is also helpful when preparing to fight fires in colder temperatures, including Installation of in-floor heating systems in apparatus bays or other areas, or adding an extra bay equipped to rinse salt from apparatus. Addressing possible damage of salting to apparatus, concrete and building surfaces. Ensuring additional needed maintenance of valves, hoses and appliances to ensure they are cold weather-ready. Freezing water can render some equipment inoperable. Be aware that snow creates greater loads and strains on a firehouse roof. Keep in mind that, during extreme cold, water must continue to flow through hose lines to avoid freezing. Consider the impact extreme temperatures can have on mechanical components such as hydraulic lines, steering components and drive trains. The pending arrival of spring provides relief from the additional hazards of fighting fires in cold temperatures but should not provide leeway not to prepare for next year. Departments should think ahead and prepare for the challenges of firefighting in whatever environmental conditions may present themselves. Lives may depend on it.
The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has approved deployment of fully automated commercial drone flights, paving the way eventually for new and expanded uses of unmanned automated vehicles (UAVs) in a variety of applications - including the fire market. The approval is narrow in scope and applies to a single company - American Robotics Inc., which petitioned the change. Reese Mozer, the CEO and Founder of American Robotics, has predicted a $100 billion market to provide drone services in a variety of industries. However, FAA restrictions have historically limited their use. Among other benefits to the fire service, drones can provide situational awareness, guide emergency response, and perform dangerous duties while keeping fire personnel safe. unmanned aircraft system Line-of-sight operation with an operator on the ground nearby - typically within less than a mile - have been a requirement for flying any drones. Allowing expanded operation beyond the line of sight and remotely from an offsite location “is critical for the industry to truly take off,” says Lisa Ellman, Executive Director of the Commercial Drone Alliance and a lawyer for petitioner American Robotics. Drones will be allowed to fly along planned routes, limited to altitudes below 400 feet (122m) and in rural areas Under the exemption granted to American Robotics, drones will be allowed to fly along planned routes, limited to altitudes below 400 feet (122m) and in rural areas. The FAA will allow them to have a maximum takeoff weight of 20 pounds (9 km). The petitioner asserts it will only use remote pilots who hold a Remote Pilot Certificate with a Small UAS (unmanned aircraft system) rating to conduct operations. The petitioner will designate a remote pilot in command (PIC) for each flight. reduce environmental impact The FAA will gain insights from observing the operations under the newly granted exemption. Specifically, American Robotics’ proposed operations will provide the FAA with data for use in evaluating operations beyond the visible light of sight (BVLOS) from offsite locations. Once adopted on a wider scale, such a scheme could lend efficiencies to many of the industries that fuel the economy such as agriculture, transportation, mining, technology, and non-durable manufacturing, according to the FAA. Moreover, the operations will achieve a reduction in environmental impact, as they will involve a small aircraft carrying no passengers or crew, rather than a manned aircraft of significantly greater size. Given these considerations, the small UAS operation the petitioner will conduct under this exemption is in the public interest, says the FAA. visual meteorological conditions American Robotics’ Scout drones feature advanced acoustic Detect-and-Avoid (DAA) technology American Robotics’ Scout drones feature advanced acoustic Detect-and-Avoid (DAA) technology that enables them to maintain safe distance from other aircraft. Drones are housed in base stations that allow for autonomous charging and to process and transmit the data they collect from aerial surveys. The company proposes to station the Scout drones in fields at pre-surveyed sites for extended durations, performing flight operations without the need to have a pilot co-located on the site. Operations under the requested exemption would only occur in Class G airspace (1,200 feet or less from the ground) in areas having light air traffic, in daylight visual meteorological conditions (VMC), and would be limited to 400 feet above ground level (AGL). Individual missions would occur within the boundaries of controlled access farmland (or similar rural, controlled access environments) owned or controlled by American Robotics’ customers. permissible deployment of drones It's not a stretch to see how such a configuration could be expanded to wider use of drones to perform missions in areas that are prone to wildfires, for example. Broadening the permissible deployment of drones will drive further implementation of the technology in a host of applications, including those within the fire market.
A wealth of data is used to track the course of wildfires and guide an effective firefighting response. Computers crunch the data using software and a computing infrastructure to yield information in the form of wildfire modeling and better situational awareness to guide fire service response. On the front line of turning data into useful information to advance fire science is the WIFIRE Lab at the University of California San Diego. The WIFIRE lab grew out of a project funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). With a primary goal of enhancing fire science, the lab also impacts operational fire response, increasingly in real time. Complex natural disasters “Wildfires are complex natural disasters that are caused by many changing systems like weather and landscape,” says Ilkay Altintas, Ph.D., WIFIRE Founder and Director. “Ongoing observations using modern technology and analysis of changes using artificial intelligence are helpful to augment fire science and response efforts.” The mission of the WIFIRE Lab is to provide a collaborative and transparent framework to bridge data, artificial intelligence and computing with fire science and its application to practice. “We are envisioning this framework to extend to the modeling and management of disasters beyond fires in the long term, such as floods and smoke plumes," adds Altintas. The mission of the WIFIRE Lab is to provide a collaborative and transparent framework to bridge data, artificial intelligence and computing with fire science and its application to practice Detecting smoke patterns WIFIRE Labs analyzes climate data such as wind speeds and direction provided by utility company weather stations Much of the work at WIFIRE involves automating processes and creating workflows ‘behind the scenes’ to crunch a variety of data, sometimes using supercomputers, machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI). The resulting ‘data assimilation’ provides valuable tools to advance the science of fire and to facilitate the work of firefighters. Among the goals is to provide ever-faster and more accurate intelligence, even for rapidly moving fires that have previously defied real-time computer analysis. WIFIRE Labs analyzes climate data such as wind speeds and direction provided by utility company weather stations, the National Weather Service, and the U.S. Forest service. Conditions such as moisture levels help to predict the course of a fire. Satellite imagery can detect smoke patterns, the hottest areas of fires, which areas are still burning and how they will likely continue to expand. Multiple weather forecasts Guiding WIFIRE Labs’ research is close collaboration with fire departments, including the Los Angeles and Orange County Fire Departments. They provide “Regular feedback about what they want out of the interface,” says Jessica Block, WIFIRE Associate Director for Operational Programs. “It is a direct product of close collaboration with firefighters.” “Being able to monitor our environment requires putting all the data together,” says Block. “Understanding how fires are behaving and changing the environment is important and available to the entire fire community.” A data portal and public interface is called FIREMAP. Fire agencies can request accounts and use the system to run predictive models to help with firefighting. For example, they can project the possible course of a fire based on multiple weather forecasts. Understanding how fires are behaving and changing the environment is important and available to the entire fire community Active fire perimeters The community knows there is a need for additional models to serve the need" FIREMAP is a decision-support and information tool that analyzes and visualizes data and makes it available to decision makers in a format that informs and assists them before, during and after a wildfire event. The map interface can show a variety of information such as active fire perimeters, weather conditions, wind direction, satellite images, local video camera views, surface fuels, etc. The currently used fire model is called FARSITE, but it was not designed for rapidly moving fires. “The community knows there is a need for additional models to serve the need,” says Block. For example, how are fire models different for fires fueled by surface grasses and shrubs versus those fueled in a conifer forest environment? Fire perimeter mapping The Fire Integrated Real-time Intelligence System (FIRIS) Pilot Program seeks to leverage enhanced intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance to identify early onset fires using fixed wing aircraft equipped with aerial infrared (IR) computerized mapping. WIFIRE Labs is building a system that can enable the AI community to apply its tools to solving fire science problems The program provides better early intelligence, including initial real-time fire perimeter mapping within five minutes of aircraft arrival. Real-time intelligence from such a system is a game-changer. Data from historic fires aid in modeling future events. ‘Educating’ an AI system using historic data helps to inform smarter models for next year’s fires. WIFIRE Labs is building a system that can enable the AI community to apply its tools to solving fire science problems. The program provides better early intelligence, including initial real-time fire perimeter mapping within five minutes of aircraft arrival Advanced systems research For example, how can satellite imagery be used to better understand how vegetation has changed? The payoff from AI and other advanced systems research will likely happen in future fire seasons. Some of the fire systems use supercomputers such as the one at UC San Diego, or even systems in the cloud. However, much of the data is leveraged using everyday desktop computers. “We know how to leverage supercomputers when we need them, and how to take advantage of them,” says Block. “But we don’t use them if we don’t need them, and our systems are available to users and research partners.”
Heathfield is a dynamic and vibrant boarding school for girls aged 11-18, surrounded by stunning grounds in Ascot, Berkshire, with outstanding facilities. The school has an unrivaled emphasis on nurturing each girl so that she achieves the best possible results while living life to the full by participating in sport, drama, music, art, and an extended variety of extra-curricular activities. Work has just been completed on the new STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Maths) facility. This opened at the start of the 2015-2016 academic year. Maintaining full protection AFS was initially engaged to install a new fire alarm system to protect the new STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Maths) facility. Once this project was completed they were asked by the school to put together a proposal to protect the entire school, whilst having regard for the decor of this historic site. The system which has now been completed is a hybrid analog addressable wired and wireless system, with wireless devices being used in the areas which could not be cabled without significant disruption to the decor. The project was completed over two years during summer and Easter holiday periods while maintaining full protection as the new system was phased in to replace the previous fire alarm.
FCC Environment is one of the waste and resource management companies. With activity throughout Europe, Africa, North and South America, FCC is one of the world’s largest environmental services companies, they provide a range of services, from collecting business and municipal waste of recycling and processing, and the generation of green energy from waste. Fire protection systems AFS provides turnkey fire protection systems for FCC Waste Recycling sites in the UK, each project typically includes; aspirating detection, custom designed to resist false alarms in harsh environments, flame detection, sprinklers, deluge. On these projects AFS act as principle contractor and principal designer, providing a complete solution, including site accommodation, health and safety management (CDM) mains supplies, builders’ works, ground works as well as the provision of fire protection systems.
A vast multi-functional business park in South Africa’s Cape Town is the latest prestigious site to be protected by C-TEC’s revolutionary CAST fire alarm system. Owned by Inospace, a rapidly-expanding operator of serviced business parks, the textile exchange is a 2-hectare park located just minutes from Cape Town’s International Airport. Featuring a fully-kitted business hub, warehouse storage areas, high specification meeting rooms and restaurants, the park is home to a wealth of fast-growing businesses and manned 24/7 by security guards. Addressable fire alarm panel Brigit Group, one of South Africa’s fire protection companies, was charged with equipping the site with its life safety systems. Said Divan Lerm, the company’s Detection and Special Risk Manager: “Site security is of paramount importance at such a large high-value site and our client insisted on the highest quality fire equipment. Hence our specification of C-TEC’s CAST system.” Comprising a powerful 2-loop XFP addressable fire alarm panel connecting to over one hundred CAST devices including heat and smoke detectors, call points and sounder visual alarm devices, the CAST system provides the ultimate fire protection at the site. Extensive warehouse storage A number of input output units have been utilized to interface the system to third-party equipment such as sprinkler valves, flow and mains switches. Beam detectors are also in operation to protect the ceiling spaces in the extensive warehouse storage areas and a repeater panel is in operation in the on-site Park Manager’s office to display data and provide an alert in the event of an emergency. Programming the devices was particularly easy as CAST’s soft-addressing capacity means all fire devices can be programmed at the panel. Said Divan: “From an engineer’s point of view, CAST’s soft-addressing feature is superb. The fact that we were able to program all the devices via panel rather than having to walk around the site locating devices to physically program them made system set up fast and easy. From start to finish, this was a very smooth installation and our client is delighted with the end result.”
A fault-tolerant network of fire alarm control panels from Advanced has been selected to protect the 3Ts Redevelopment program at the Royal Sussex County Hospital. 36 four-loop MxPro 5 fire panels, 46 repeater panels, and two custom-built AdSpecials panels from UK-manufacturer, Advanced, are to be installed at Brighton’s 3Ts hospital redevelopment as part of phase one of the program. Phase one involves the construction of a 13-storey building with two basement levels, located on the main Royal Sussex County Hospital site. Incorporating all the functions of a modern hospital, the building will include a three-storey atrium reception, outpatient departments, operating theatres, wards, a teaching facility, and administration facilities. MxPro 5 fire panels The three-phase building works will deliver improved accommodation for more than 40 wards and departments, supporting the Trust’s role as a regional center for teaching, trauma, and tertiary care at Royal Sussex County Hospital. The new facilities meet the highest clinical standards and offering patients a modern, spacious care environment. The Essex-based firm will install Advanced’s pioneering MxPro 5 fire panels alongside bespoke sprinkler indication Taking a lead role in the cabling, first and second fix for the fire system throughout phase one of the project are EA-RS Fire Engineering Ltd. The Essex-based firm will install Advanced’s pioneering MxPro 5 fire panels alongside bespoke sprinkler indication and ventilation override panels, all linked to approximately 5,000 Hochiki devices. High-performing protection Chris Goddard, Project Manager at EA-RS Fire Engineering Ltd, said: “The 3Ts redevelopment project represents a massive healthcare investment for Brighton & Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust and, once completed, will offer an improved experience for thousands of hospital patients each year.” “Configuring protection across a site of this size can often appear daunting, however, the MxPro 5’s ease of installation and scalability will help to make the challenge of implementing protection effortless. As long-term users of Advanced, we’re confident that its solutions will be capable of delivering high-performing protection across the hospital’s large number of zones, many with their own complex cause and effect requirements.” BMS integration Amanda Hope, UK Business Development Manager at Advanced, said: “We’re proud to be supplying our partners, EA-RS Fire Engineering Ltd, with the equipment required to ensure that the valued healthcare staff, patients, and these state-of-the-art facilities will be protected by a cutting-edge fire system for years to come. “The fire system will include BMS integration and a custom graphics package to provide visual representation of the fire system to end-users. The custom-built sprinkler indication and ventilation override panels will be a showcase for the fantastic design and manufacturing work done by our in-house AdSpecials department.” “ As work progresses on the redevelopment of Royal Sussex County Hospital, Advanced’s high-speed, fault tolerant networks, that are renowned for their resilience, will come into their own, with the expansion of the fire detection system across phases two and three of the project.” Multiprotocol fire system solution Once complete, the two new clinical buildings of phase one and two will cover the front half of the hospital site Phase two of the development is a seven-storey building extending the functions of the first building, with stage three being a smaller delivery and service area to improve site management. Once complete, the two new clinical buildings of phase one and two will cover the front half of the hospital site. MxPro 5 is the fire industry’s pioneering multiprotocol fire system solution and was recently certified by FM Approvals to the EN 54 standard. It offers customers a choice of four detector protocols and a completely open installer network, backed up by free training and support. MxPro 5 panels can be used in single-loop, single-panel format, or easily configured into high-speed networks of up to 200 panels covering huge areas. Ease of installation and configuration, as well as its wide peripheral range, make MxPro 5 customizable to almost any application. Advanced, owned by FTSE 100 company Halma PLC, protects a wide range of prestigious and high-profile sites across the globe, from London’s Shard and Lloyds building to Abu Dhabi International Airport and the Hagia Sophia historic site in Turkey.
In the Midwestern Illinois city of Rochelle, the local fire department took delivery of its first Toyne Apparatus, a fully customized rescue/pumper. The Rochelle Fire Department's (RFD) new rescue/pumper will replace an older fire truck built-in 1995 that had served the department for 26 years. Built to take the call, the department’s latest fire apparatus addition is ready to protect the community. Established in 1877, the RFD has been serving the residents of Rochelle for nearly 145 years. The department has 34 firefighters on its roster and manages nine apparatus. Building robust apparatus In 2014, they responded to nearly 2,000 emergency calls. The department's firefighters will go through in-service training on their Toyne Apparatus before being officially put into service. "This is a highly capable rescue/pumper, and it's equipped with a wide variety of specialized hardware to assist the Rochelle Fire Department for a range of different emergencies," said Bill Bird, Toyne Product Support Coordinator. "We're proud to build an apparatus as robust as this one is." The rescue/pumper was stall-built at the Toyne manufacturing facility in Breda, Iowa. Constructed with bolted painted stainless steel, the apparatus body is made to stand up to the elements. Toyne mounted the body onto a Spartan Metro Star ELFD chassis, and the cab boasts a 24-inch raised roof. Under the hood of this commanding apparatus is a 380-horsepower Cummins ISL9 engine and an Allison 3000 EVS transmission. Vital hardware components The rescue/pumper has plenty of storage options to accommodate different tools On the inside of the cab, there is seating for up to six firefighters. Toyne outfitted the rescue/pumper with an array of vital hardware components that will be critical to operations and emergency response, such as a 360-degree backup camera system, FireCom in-cab intercom system, and an in-cab EMS storage compartment. RFD's Toyne tailored apparatus was designed to be a multirole platform during emergencies. The rescue/pumper has plenty of storage options to accommodate different tools for fire and rescue situations. Quick access to their equipment is ensured with ROM painted roll-up doors, Toyne custom slide-out shelving, custom slide-out tool boards, and rear slide-in storage for ladders and pike poles. Designs called for installing an on-board SCBA air bottle refill system, air hose reels, a custom-built air-bag storage unit, and winch receptacles that are anchored on all four sides of the apparatus. Addressing different emergencies For fire suppression, Toyne added a 500-gallon UPF tank, 1,250-gallon-per-minute Hale Qmax enclosed side-mount pump, and an Elkhart Cobra Monitor with an 8598 extender. A Waterous Overboard Foam Power Fill and Waterous Aquis 6.0 Class-A/B foam systems elevate the department's ability to address different emergencies. The pump is controlled by a fire research pump boss pressure governor, and the tank level is monitored by an ICI SL Plus tank gauge. Emergency lighting consists of a full suite of Whelen lights; including Whelen warning, PFP2 scene, PFH2 brow lighting, and LED arrow stick lighting. The body storage bays are wired with ILI LED strip compartment lighting. Dinges Fire Company from Amboy, Illinois, sold this Toyne rescue/pumper to the Rochelle Fire Department. As an authorized Toyne dealer, Dinges Fire Company serves fire departments throughout the state of Illinois.
The Allen-Stevenson School is a private school located on the Upper East Side locality in Manhattan, New York City, occupying two inter-connected buildings. Due to a need for additional space, the school expanded the existing buildings vertically, while renovating the remaining floors and constructed a new inter-connected building, adjacent to the original. The project proceeded in a phased manner and services included advising the client on appropriate phasing and implementation of the fire alarm system upgrade, witnessing pre-testing and coordinating with the FDNY (New York City Fire Department) on all fire alarm system items. fire alarm system upgrade and ARCS Sparc Fire Protection Engineering, LLC (Sparc) designed the fire alarm system upgrade and the new Auxiliary Radio Communication System (ARCS), which were used for bidding by contractors. Sparc also was responsible for all drawing filings and inspection requests with the New York City Fire Department (FDNY) and preparing fire alarm system affidavits for the New York City Department of Buildings (NYCDOB). To satisfy the requirements of the New York City Department of Buildings and the New York City Fire Department, and allow for the issuance of the Temporary Certificate of Occupancy, Sparc prepared and filed the building’s Fire Protection Plan, along with the Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan.